Our body is made up of numerous muscles; they are as thin as the tip of a needle. They all contract and relax themselves however, when they contract and are unable to relax the same time, it causes a cramp. We are more prone to get cramps in the calf, arch of the foot and thighs. They are painful and beyond our control. However, have you thought why it happens to some people more than the others? This can happen due to a lot many reasons.
Athletes and people doing a lot of physical activities are prone to the problem of cramps in their muscles. Other reasons for the same can be like deficiency of vitamin D and B6, magnesium, calcium, potassium or oxygen in the body tissue, nervous irritability and mental stress. You can try doing exercises which will reduce your problem of muscle cramp to a great extend. You can a few and see the difference, try to lie on the bed with you feet elevated for a minute or two. You can also try to massage you feet, lower legs and toes, to relax your muscles.
In case of a cramp you can try massaging the muscles in the cramped area. However, if it happens during the night, try to put you legs toward the ceiling, another way would be to get up and walk a little, this makes the muscles move and get them relaxed. But if you are facing the problem quite often, it will be good to see a doctor. A lot of cramps may cause damage to your muscles in long run. The best way to get rid of them or reduce the problem is to massage your muscles on regular basis.